About acne

Written By The HealthMeth Team - Updated On Saturday, March 13, 2021 6:00 PM


Acne is one of the common skin diseases that cause pimples on the skin, due to the blockage of hair follicles under the skin, and these pimples usually appear on the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders, as it can appear in all People, especially teens and young adults. [1]

Usually it begins with the appearance of love young people during puberty between the ages of 10-13 years, and be more severe for people who have oily skin, and may continue for a period of five to ten years, and stops in the early twenties. [2]

Causes of acne

There are several factors that cause acne , including the following:

  • Bacteria : The growth of bacteria in the pores of the skin causes acne, and white and black heads on the surface of the skin, which grow due to the secretion of excess oil in the skin (Sebum) that contributes to blocking the openings of the hair follicles. [3]
  • Androgen hormone  : High levels of the androgen hormone at the start of adolescence can cause acne in women, as it helps the growth of sebaceous glands under the skin, which increases the amount of sebum (Sebum), and thus the growth of bacteria. [4]
  • Other reasons : There are many other reasons that cause acne, including the following: [4]
    • Some medications contain androgens and lithium.
    • Oily cosmetics.
    • Hormonal changes.
    • Emotional stress.
    • Menstruation.

Acne Treatment

Natural ways

There are many natural methods that can be used to treat acne, including the following: [4]

  • Tea tree oil: A study in the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Colon Diseases published its results on 60 people, that tea tree oil at 5% can help treat mild and moderate acne.
  • Tea: Polyphenols present in tea, such as: green tea, can help reduce the secretion of oils and treat acne, by applying it directly to the skin.

Medical methods

There are many medical treatments that are used to treat mild acne, including the following: [4]

  • Over-the-counter medications: such as: gels, soaps, creams, and lotions that are applied to the skin.
  • Prescription medications: These medications usually contain active ingredients that help get rid of acne, such as:
    • Resorcinol: Helps get rid of blackheads and whiteheads.
    • Benzoyl peroxide: Benzoyl peroxide helps kill bacteria, reduce oil production, and rejuvenate the skin.
    • Salicylic acid: Helps get rid of blackheads and whiteheads, as well as helps reduce inflammation and swelling.
    • Retin: (Retin-A) helps unclog clogged pores.
    • Asalic acid: Azelaic helps reduce bacterial growth and stop oil production.

As for moderate and severe cases of acne, some medications can be used, including the following: [4]

  • Oral antibiotics : The doctor can prescribe to the patient antibiotics for a period of up to six months, as they help to fight bacterial growth and reduce inflammation. Examples of antibiotics are: Erythromycin and Tetracycline.
  • Contraceptive pills : It is one of the medicines that help reduce acne in women, but it is not suitable for people who have a blood-clotting disorder, or migraines, and who are over the age of 35, so it is preferable to see a gynecologist before using it.
  • Topical antibiotics : Examples include: Clindamycin and sodium sulfacetamide.
  • Isotretinoin : In very severe cases are using (Isotretinoin), a strong medicine effective oral treatment for cystic acne severe in the event of non - use of drugs and other treatments, but have many side, such as: the effects of dry skin and lips, and nose bleeds, Fetal abnormalities if used by the expectant mother, and mood swings, and patients who use this drug should avoid taking vitamin A supplements, to avoid poisoning. [4]


  1. "Acne" , www.medlineplus.gov , 13-10-2017, Retrieved 3-4-2018. Edited.
  2. "Understanding Acne Basics" , www.webmd.com , Retrieved 3-4-2018. Edited.
  3. Debra Jaliman (27-3-2017), "The Basics of Acne" , www.webmd.com , Retrieved 3-4-2018. Edited.
  4. ^ A b t w c h Christian Nordqvist (27-11-2017), "What ' You Need To Know About Acne" , www.medicalnewstoday.com The , Retrieved 3-4-2018. Edited.