What is the IUD
An intrauterine device ( IUD ) is a small device that is inserted into a woman's uterus. With the aim of preventing pregnancy, the IUD is one of the most effective methods of contraception, and its effect may last for at least five years. There are two types of IUDs: the copper IUD and the hormonal IUD. It contains in its composition the synthetic form of the hormone progesterone that is naturally excreted in the woman’s body . In fact, the use of the intrauterine device is considered a safe method to prevent pregnancy, but some women may feel a number of side effects of its use, which are It is classified lightly in most cases, so it is rare for serious health complications to occur as a result of its use, It should be noted that the use of the IUD should be under the supervision of a specialized doctor, to make sure that it is an appropriate and safe method of contraception for the woman concerned, and that he informs her of any damages and side effects that may result from its use. 
Damage to the IUD
Among the damage or side effects of using the IUD: headache, mood swings, in addition to the breast sensitivity to pain when touched, and the appearance of acne . in general; Disappear side effects associated with the installation of an IUD within a few months, and calls for survival and lack of improvement in the situation of women see the doctor concerned to seek medical advice and take the necessary action,   and ask The following explanatory statement to some of the damage and other possible side effects after the installation of the IUD:
Changes in the menstrual cycle
Most women notice some disturbances related to their menstrual cycle when using an IUD, and the change that occurs when using each type of IUD is the following:  
- Hormonal IUD: Some women may notice light spots of blood in the first months of the insertion of the hormonal IUD , and perhaps repeatedly, and this is mostly between the third and sixth month of its composition, and by the sixth month, 95% of women will have a regular menstrual cycle and light bleeding While some of them will stop the period and bleed completely, it should be noted here that these menopause cases are not harmful to the body, and are not a cause for concern.
- The copper IUD: It is possible that the menstrual cycle will change if the copper IUD is used to extend for a longer period than usual in the woman, and the menstrual cycle may be more profuse and frequent than usual, and is accompanied by pain, especially in the first months of its installation, so that the bleeding settles and the cycle becomes regular. The usual amount of bleeding before the IUD was fitted.
Pain and discomfort
Some women may feel during the insertion of the IUD the pain similar to the pain of a severe menstrual cycle, and it is worth saying that the duration of feeling this pain is very short, and it may only last for less than a minute, so that the woman enjoys an effective contraceptive regulator for many years, and the menstrual cycle after installing the hormonal IUD becomes over time Less bleeding and less pain, as previously mentioned. 
Some women report that they notice some increase in their weight after the insertion of the hormonal IUD, and in fact; The studies conducted regarding the cause of an increase in weight in some women after the insertion of the IUD are insufficient, so it is difficult to definitively determine because of this occurrence, and it is worth noting that the weight gain, if it occurs as a result of using the hormonal IUD, is not caused by an increase in body fat, and it can be Saying that something that may have happened in fact is that the hormone contained in the IUD causes increased water retention in the body and bloating. A little more than the woman's weight temporarily, and it is noteworthy that this condition is somewhat similar to what happens during the menstrual cycle, and by the lapse of three months after the insertion of the IUD; The body becomes accustomed to the hormone, so its effect on weight gain usually disappears. 
There is a small chance that a woman will develop an infection in the first three weeks after an IUD is fitted, and taking care to prevent exposure to sexually transmitted diseases (STD's) is considered; Very important thing; As it is one of the types of infection that targets the pelvic area, and it may cause a woman to have reproductive problems, and it is indicated that there are relatively rare cases of women who may suffer from an allergic reaction when the copper IUD is inserted.  
The coil has fallen out of position
It is unlikely that the IUD will fall out of its position after the insertion, and out of every 10 cases of use of the IUD there is only one case that you may suffer from the IUD falling out or pushing out of the uterus, and this usually occurs in the first weeks of its insertion, and in fact When installing the IUD, the supervising doctor or nurse instructs the woman on how to ensure that the IUD remains in the correct position, as the IUD includes two thin strings, a small part of which hangs outside the uterus, reaching the upper part of the vagina, which allows the woman to feel their presence and ensure that the IUD remains Its position, and it is advised to check the position of the IUD repeatedly in the first month of its insertion, and periodically or after each menstrual cycle in the following months.  
Damage is rare
There are a number of damages and more serious side effects, which are considered rare, and we allow them in the following points:  
- Incidence of pelvic infection and Acronym (PID), which occurs in the event of the arrival of bacteria to the uterus when the IUD.
- Perforation of the uterus or perforation of the uterus , which is a condition that causes the IUD to pierce or perforate the wall of the uterus, which leads to severe bleeding, and infection of the woman. IUD; There is only one case of a perforated uterus, and the IUD is removed immediately.
Pregnancy on an IUD
Pregnancy may occur on the IUD; There is a small chance that does not exceed 1% of the occurrence of pregnancy despite the presence of the hormonal IUD, and pregnancy may continue normally, but the woman must see a doctor to make sure of the health of the pregnancy and follow its development. The probability of an ectopic pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy in the case of an IUD pregnancy is higher compared to normal, and in this context; It is noteworthy that an ectopic pregnancy is known as the implantation of the fertilized egg in a place outside the uterus, and most often it is in the fallopian tube. Here, it should be noted that using the IUD during pregnancy, or staying in the event of pregnancy, may lead to serious health problems. As severe infection, and miscarriageMiscarriage, premature birth, and in the worst case; It may pose a great danger to the health of the mother, so it is necessary to inform the specialist doctor immediately upon pregnancy that the IUD is present.  
Removal of the IUD
The IUD can be removed at any time the woman wants to do so, and it must be removed by the specialist doctor, as the occurrence of pregnancy after that becomes immediately possible, and here it must be noted that other available contraceptive methods such as condoms must be used for a period Seven days before removing the IUD; This is in the event that the woman does not want to become pregnant after removing the IUD, and she does not wish to have another IUD inserted afterwards. 
Precautions for IUD use
As mentioned earlier; The IUD is one of the good options for birth control and contraception, but there are some cases in which it is recommended to use another method of contraception instead, and we mention the following: 
- Pregnancy period, or the possibility of pregnancy.
- The presence of problems or imbalances in the structure of the uterus, such as uterine diseases, or deformities, in addition to cases of women suffering from abnormal bleeding.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Current infection with one of the sexually transmitted diseases (STD's).
See a doctor
There are a number of unusual symptoms and signs that may accompany a woman's use of the IUD, and their appearance requires a visit to the specialist doctor, including: 
- Unusual bleeding.
- Delay in the date of the menstrual cycle .
- Discharge that smells bad.
- Feeling of severe cramping.
- Have a fever, with no apparent cause for it.
- ^ A b Rachel Nall the , an MSN, CRNA (1-8-2018), "What ' are On The Side Effects Of An an IUD?" , Www.medicalnewstoday.com The , Retrieved 8-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Traci C. Johnson, MD (4-17-2019), "IUD Side Effects" , www.webmd.com , Retrieved 7-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Intrauterine Device (IUD) Contraception" , www.fpv.org.au , Retrieved 7-8-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Claire Sissons (6-8-2018), "Is there a link between IUDs and weight gain?" , Www.medicalnewstoday.com The , Retrieved 12-7-2020. Edited.
- ^ A b "Hormonal an IUD (Mirena)" , Www.mayoclinic.org , 26-2-2020, Retrieved 12-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "INTRA UTERINE DEVICE (IUD)" , www.familyplanning.org.nz , Retrieved 7-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Contraception - intrauterine devices (IUD)" , www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au , 11-2019, Retrieved 9-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "What are the disadvantages of IUDs?" , www.plannedparenthood.org , Retrieved 7-12-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Megan N. Brown, PharmD, RPh (7-7-2020), "Do IUDs Cause Weight Gain? Here Are the Facts" , www.goodrx.com , Retrieved 7-12-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Intra Uterine Device (IUD)" , www.thewomens.org.au , Retrieved 7-11-2020. Edited.
- ^ A b "Intrauterine Contraceptive the device ( an IUD, IUCD)" , Www.health.govt.nz , 28-5-2018, Retrieved 11-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Copper intrauterine device (IUD)" , www.ouh.nhs.uk , 4-2019, Retrieved 7-10-2020. Edited.
- ^ A b "Intrauterine the device ( an IUD)" , Www.nhs.uk , 22-2-2018, Retrieved 10-7-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Intrauterine Device (IUD) for Birth Control" , www.healthlinkbc.ca , 11-5-2019, Retrieved 7-12-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Mirena" , www.rxlist.com , 16-6-2020, Retrieved 7-12-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Larisa Hirsch is , MD (5-2018), "The an IUD" , Kidshealth.org , Retrieved 12-7-2020. Edited.