Obsessive compulsive disorder is defined as a type of mental illness that people suffer from, and it appears on them in the form of obsessive thoughts, obsessions, and compulsive behaviors that are frequent, and it should be noted that OCD is not represented by habits, such as biting nails, or thinking in a way. Negative, as obsessive-compulsive disorder can affect a person's social life, job, or school, and prevent the exercise of normal life, as a person's thoughts and actions are outside his control, for example, some people appear to have the obsessive in the form of thinkingThe maniac, such as when a person constantly thinks that he or one of his family members may be exposed to harm if they do not wear their clothes in the same order every morning, or that they must wash their hands seven times when touching something dirty, as this matter becomes a compulsory habit that cannot be abandoned, even if People tried that. 
Getting rid of the obsession
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is treated through medication, psychotherapy , or both, and the response to treatment varies from person to person, some of them respond to treatment, and some of the symptoms remain accompanying it even with treatment, and it should be noted that OCD may cause other mental disorders, such as anxiety , Depression , and body dysmorphic disorder, which is a disorder related to the misconception of the afflicted person that a part of his body is deformed, and in general attention to other types of disorders suffered by the person with OCD is necessary to determine a treatment plan. Statement of the two types of treatment as follows: 
Psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder includes cognitive behavioral therapy , which is effective for many people, as treatment includes the method of exposure and prevention of the response, which is applied by exposing the person with OCD to an object or obsession that makes him feel fear, Like dirt, for example, then training and teaching him healthy ways to help him get rid of his fears, and despite the fact that this type of treatment requires practice and effort, it is a beautiful thing to be able to manage his obsessions and thoughts, and it should be noted that the treatment may be individual or family. Or collectively.  
Drug treatment depends on a type of antidepressant drug known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which help treat OCD by increasing the level of serotonin in the brain, and drug therapy takes a longer period of psychotherapy to start The results appear,  and some other psychiatric drugs can be used to treat OCD, but antidepressants are used as a first line of treatment, and among the most prominent antidepressants that can be used in the treatment of OCD are the following: 
- Clomipramine , which can be given to adults and children over the age of ten.
- Fluoxetine , which is given to adults and children over the age of seven.
- Fluvoxamine (Fluvoxamine) is given to adults and children over eight years of age.
- Paroxetine , which is restricted to adults.
- Sertraline , which is given from the age of six years.
Types of OCD include the following: 
- Verification: It means repeatedly checking things to avoid damage, such as checking water faucets, gas switches, door locks, and appliances frequently.
- Mental pollution: This type of obsessive-compulsive disorder can be described as an urgent need to wash things, fear of contamination , or disease in the event of not cleaning repeatedly.
- Ownership: This is summarized by the inability to dispose of old possessions, or those that do not have any value.
- Rumination: This means thinking in an obsessive and extended fashion about large-scale topics, such as: the beginning of the universe and death.
- Intrusive thoughts: Intrusive thoughts are often violent and terrifying, and may include harm and violence to others.
- Symmetry and regularity: so that things must be arranged according to a specific pattern.
Causes of OCD
The real reason behind people suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder is still unknown, and some different factors can be suggested, such as exposure to a head injury, infections, or malfunctions in certain areas of the brain , as genetics plays a clear role in that, and on the other hand it is not possible neglect of physical scolding, or sexual factor increases the risk of obsessive - compulsive disorder, and it should be noted that it can be diagnosed infection obsessive - compulsive disorder at the age of twenty, while delayed onset of symptoms until the age of thirty. 
The symptoms of OCD fall under two main headings, and they can be explained as follows: 
The following matters fall under this item: 
- Lingering fears of dirt, contamination or germs .
- Constant feeling of excessive order, symmetry, and precision.
- Excessive suspicion, and a feeling of a constant need for reassurance.
- Excessive fear of making mistakes, being embarrassed, or behaving in a socially inappropriate way.
- A person's fear that he will have wrong or evil thoughts.
- Exaggerated fear of causing harm to others.
Common motives are the following: 
- Urgent need to shower frequently or wash hands.
- Repeating some words, phrases, or prayers.
- Adhere to the idea of counting either mentally, or out loud while performing routine tasks.
- Preserving things in a specific and constant order that does not change, such as: eating food in a certain order.
- Stick to certain things, such as words, pictures, or ideas, that are usually upsetting.
- Keeping things that have no clear moral or material value.
- A certainty that some tasks must be performed a certain number of times.
- Be very careful not to touch door handles, or refuse to shake hands.
- Check things, and check them frequently, such as checking locks and oven switches.
- ↑ Neha Pathak, MD, "What is OCD?" , Www.webmd.com , Retrieved May 28, 2019. Edited.
- ↑ "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder" , www.nimh.nih.gov , Retrieved May 28, 2019. Edited.
- ^ A b "obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD is )" , Www.mayoclinic.org , Retrieved 28 Join Date : May, 2019. Edited by .
- ^ A b "obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD is )" , Www.nhs.uk , Retrieved 28 Join Date : May, 2019. Edited by .
- ↑ Hannah Nichols, "What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?" , Www.medicalnewstoday.com , Retrieved May 28, 2019. Edited.
- ↑ "Obsessive-compulsive disorder" , Www.medlineplus.gov , Retrieved May 28, 2019. Edited.
- ^ A b v "obsessive-Compulsive Disorder" , Www.clevelandclinic.org , Retrieved 28 Join Date : May, 2019. Edited by .