What are the causes of rheumatism

Written By The HealthMeth Team - Updated On Sunday, June 27, 2021 7:00 PM


Rheumatism is one of the joint diseases that affect it, with an impact on connective tissues, as it is an inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues. As a result of this inflammation, there is swelling in the joints, with a high temperature and a feeling of pain in them, and the joints that are most vulnerable to rheumatism are: the wrist joints, the knees joints, the elbow joints, the neck joints, the ankles joints, the toes and hands joints. [1]

Symptoms of rheumatic disease

We mention these symptoms as follows: [2]

  • Swelling in the joints, high temperature and paleness of the joints.
  • Feeling of pain in the joints, so movement becomes painful; As a result of roughness in the joints.
  • Body temperature rises.
  • The patient becomes dehydrated; He may lose his appetite, too.
  • Imbalance in the shape of the joints, especially the joints of the toes and fingers, occurs with numbness in them.
  • In some cases, scars appear under the skin, and redness occurs in some areas of the skin, and they are susceptible to inflammation.
  • The patient's face becomes pale, and he feels rotating when his sitting position changes; This is due to the anemia that results from a lack of activity in the bone marrow, which makes red blood cells.
  • In some cases, the patient may suffer from rheumatism, with burning, itching and inflammation in the eyes.

Reasons for the occurrence of rheumatic disease

The cause of rheumatism in the joints is still unknown, but experts believe that rheumatic diseases are caused by a set of genes and environmental factors in general that some genetic variants increase a person's susceptibility to these diseases, and environmental factors may lead to the emergence of the disease, and it may be due to a defect In the immune system, or because of infection with one of the types of viruses, it is said that women are more susceptible to rheumatism than men, and the ages that afflict this disease are from 20 to 60 years old, or because a person has been exposed to direct accidents on the joint. [3]

Diagnostic method

The disease is diagnosed by clinical examination, blood tests, x-rays and CT scans and by joint fluid analysis and blood tests for antibodies. [4]

Rheumatism treatment

The methods of treating rheumatism vary from drug therapy, physical therapy, and surgical treatment. [5]


  1. “Rheumatology and Rheumatic Diseases , ” www.webmd.com , accessed 6/10/2018.
  2. William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR, "15 Early Symptoms and Signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)" , www.medicinenet.com , Retrieved 10/6/2018. Edited.
  3. Joseph Bennington-Castro, "What Are Rheumatic Diseases?" , Www.everydayhealth.com , Retrieved 10/6/2018. Edited.
  4. "Rheumatoid arthritis" , www.nhs.uk , Retrieved 9/7/2018. Edited.
  5. By Dr Ananya Mandal, MD, "Rheumatism Treatment" , www.news-medical.net , Retrieved 9/7/2018. Edited.