What is a concussion

Written By The HealthMeth Team - Updated On Thursday, July 29, 2021 1:00 PM

The concept of concussion

A concussion results when the head collides with a solid object, which results in a temporary defect in the functions of the brain due to the presence of thin cells in the brain that are affected by any strong blow. This causes a defect in the function of these cells that work to transmit information. Due to not being delivered to the right place, and the brain cells need oxygen and food to stay alive and the blood vessels transport food and oxygen to the brain, and when the concussion occurs, these cells can explode or be injured and this affects the brain, and it is possible to treat a concussion in most cases, but if it is The injury is serious and may lead to death if not treated. What are the causes of a concussion? What are the symptoms of infection? What are the ways to treat it?

Causes that lead to a concussion

  • Sudden collision of the head.
  • Traffic accidents caused by collisions of cars and bicycles.
  • A speeding up or slowing down of the brain.
  • Falling down stairs violently.
  • Collision sports, such as boxing.

Symptoms of a concussion

  • Feeling a headache.
  • Pain and soreness in the neck.
  • Feeling tired and lethargic.
  • Feeling shocked.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Ringing in the ear
  • Feeling of dizziness.
  • Gait disturbances, sleep and nervous attacks in severe cases.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Numbness and weakness in the limbs.
  • Impaired thinking, focus and attention.

Degrees of a concussion

  • The first degree: This degree is called post-traumatic forgetfulness, so the patient does not lose consciousness and may suffer amnesia for a short time not exceeding thirty seconds, and those with this degree may not lose memory until after the trauma has occurred, which leads to not remembering what happened after the accident.
  • The second degree: leads to forgetfulness after the occurrence of the trauma, and it may last from half an hour to a full day, and the patient may lose consciousness for a period not exceeding five minutes, and loss of consciousness may not occur.
  • The third degree: the patient is subjected to forgetfulness for more than a full day, and the patient may lose consciousness for a period of more than five minutes, and loss of consciousness may not occur.

Treating a concussion

A person with a concussion is treated by resting and not being subjected to psychological stress, and analgesic drugs can be taken when a headache occurs after consulting a doctor, and the doctor may do a CT scan to make sure that there is no severe injury, bleeding in the brain, or a fracture of the skull, which requires treatment in Hospital to avoid any exacerbation of the patient.