What is a phobia

Written By The HealthMeth Team - Updated On Saturday, July 24, 2021 4:00 PM


Phobia is defined as an intense fear and irrational phobia of a specific object or situation, and phobia is classified among anxiety disorders , because anxiety is one of the main symptoms experienced by people who have a particular phobia, and it is believed that phobia is a sign of an emotional response, and the phobia may occur due to an old incident It occurred with a person who drowned in water when he was a child. He avoids water because of his fear of it. [1] The symptoms of phobia are different from the symptoms of other mental illnesses, such as: schizophrenia, auditory and visual hallucinations, and paranoia. [2]

Causes of phobia

There are some reasons that may cause phobia, and they are: [2]

  • Genetic and environmental factors.
  • The presence of a relative in children suffering from an anxiety disorder.
  • Exposure to specific situations, to high altitudes, or to insect or animal bites.
  • People with ongoing medical conditions or health concerns.
  • Trauma to the brain.
  • Drug abuse, and medication related to depression.

Phobia treatment

Behavioral therapy is often the most successful in overcoming a phobia, in this treatment the person suffering from one of the phobias is exposed to the events and matters that cause him anxiety and fear gradually, until he controls his fear, stops fear of it, and feeling anxious about it. [1]

Types of phobia

Among the most famous types of phobia and fear are the following: [3]

  • Aerophobia: Fear of flying.
  • Arachnophobia: This is the fear of spiders.
  • Driving phobia: This is the fear of driving a car.
  • Phobia of detention: It is the fear of being in confined spaces.
  • Agoraphobia: It is the fear of being in an empty place, or open spaces.
  • Vomiting phobia: It is the fear of vomiting.
  • Animal phobia: It is the fear of animals.
  • Obsessive phobia: It is the fear of disease.
  • Social phobia: This is the fear of the whereabouts of many people .


  1. ^ A b "Phobia" , Www.britannica.com , Retrieved 8-11-2017. Edited.
  2. ^ A b , Andrea Wodel, Solan . Matthew (19-7-2017), "Phobias" , Www.healthline.com , Retrieved 8-11-2017. Edited.
  3. Christian Nordqvist (2-12-2016), "Phobias: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis" , www.medicalnewstoday.com , Retrieved 8-11-2017. Edited.