What is a retinal detachment
Retinal detachment is a disorder in the eye, whereby the retina peels off from the underlying layer of the supportive tissues, and this separation may initially be localized, and when treatment is neglected and slowed to start, the retina separates completely, and there are few cases in which retinal detachment occurs Because of trauma, including severe blows in the eye socket, window shocks, and concussion in the head, which leads to vision loss, and in this article we will introduce you to the symptoms, types, and spread of retinal detachment.
Symptoms of retinal detachment
- The appearance of objects floating suddenly in front of the eye.
- The appearance of black spots floating through the field of vision, and here is often one eye affected.
- The feeling of a slight heaviness in the eye.
- Loss of central vision.
- Blurred vision.
- Flashes of light suddenly appear short.
Types of retinal detachment
- Chromatogenic retinal detachment: This type occurs as a result of the appearance of a gap in the retina, which allows the passage of fluid through the vitreous space, and its access to the space located under the sensory retina, and the retinal pigment epithelium, and the retinal gaps are divided into three sections, namely: holes, tears, and washing Or dialysis.
- Exudative retinal detachment: It is also called serous, or secondary, and this type of detachment appears as a result of inflammation, injury, or abnormalities in blood vessels that cause an accumulation of fluid under the retina without any tear, perforation, or gap, and care must be taken to exclude Exudative detachment when evaluating the retinal hiatus, in addition to that the surgery will make the situation worse than before, not better.
- Pull retinal detachment: This detachment appears when the sensory retina is withdrawn from the retinal pigment epithelium by fibrous tissue resulting from inflammation or widening of blood vessels.
Spread of retinal detachment
Retinal detachment is common among middle-aged or elderly people, and those who suffer from severe shortness of sight are more likely to have it, as their eyes are longer, so the retina lengthens gently, and this detachment can happen more frequently after cataract surgery. That is, white water, and it is possible for people who suffer from proliferative diabetic retinopathy to separate, and in this case the abnormal blood vessels grow inside the retina and extend until they reach the vitreous, and despite the occurrence of retinal detachment in one eye most often, but There is a fifteen percent chance that the detachment will spread to the other eye.