Ovarian cysts, ovarian cysts, or ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets that form inside or on the surface of one of the ovaries, knowing that the ovaries are one of the female reproductive organs, and all women have two ovaries located on either side of the uterus, similar to an almond in the Its shape and size, and cysts may appear in or on these ovaries at some time in a woman's life, and they may cause her a little discomfort in some cases, but they do not cause any harm, and they often disappear without the use of any treatment within a few months.  
Symptoms of an ovarian cyst
Ovarian cysts usually do not cause any symptoms, and in some cases some symptoms may appear that are similar to the symptoms of other health problems, so a medical examination should be resorted to in the event of any strange symptoms related to the pelvic area to obtain the correct diagnosis,  [ 4] Among the possible symptoms are the following:
- Vaginal bleeding or any problems related to the menstrual cycle such as irregularity or severe pain associated with it, but these symptoms are not necessarily indicative of an ovarian cyst.   It is worth noting that cysts that usually form at childbearing age do not appear in women who have reached menopause, but rather usually appear in them with another type of cyst, and cause vaginal bleeding.  
- Dyspareunia, a condition in which a woman feels pain and discomfort in the pelvic region during intercourse, and some women may feel pain in the abdomen after intercourse. 
- Flatulence and a feeling of heaviness in it. 
- Changes in the way the breasts and body hair grow as a result of hormonal changes that may accompany the presence of a cyst on the ovary. 
- Problems with the intestine, which is the feeling of pain when defecating or the feeling of a frequent need to pass. 
- Urinary problems, such as feeling a frequent need to urinate or having problems emptying the bladder completely. 
- A feeling of pain in the pelvic area, and this is more likely if the ovarian cyst is exposed to any of the following:  :
- Increase and enlarge its size.
- Torsion of an ovarian cyst or torsion of the ovary due to the presence of an ovarian cyst.
- The effect of the cyst on blood flow to the ovaries.
- Cyst bumping during sexual intercourse.
- Feeling of extreme fullness, indigestion, or heartburn after eating. 
- Abnormal hair growth on the face (hirsutism) due to an increase in the male hormone. 
- Feeling of pain in the abdomen. 
- Difficulty conceiving in a few cases, as most fertility is not affected by the presence of ovarian cysts. 
- Sudden and severe pain in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst in the event of rupture ,  with the knowledge that the occurrence of rupture of the cyst may occur after sexual intercourse or exposure to trauma, or exercise, or even after examining the pelvic area. 
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting in the event of ovarian torsion. 
- Symptoms specific to young girls; Girls under eight years of age may suffer from some symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding and secretions, the growth of pubic hair, and an increase in breast size, knowing that this occurs due to the increase in their estrogen hormone. 
The reasons for seeing a doctor
It should be noted that it is necessary to see a doctor if there is a suspicion that a cyst is present on the ovary, regardless of the woman’s age, and it is necessary to see a doctor if any of the following symptoms appear: 
- Feeling the frequent need to urinate.
- Feeling of pain or pressure in the pelvic area.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding. 
- Abdominal swelling or an abnormal increase in the abdominal area.  :
- Feeling of abdominal pain in women who are taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. 
- Increase the appearance of hair on the face. 
- Excessive thirst and urination more than usual. 
- Unexplained weight loss. 
- A mass appears in the abdomen or pelvis. 
In addition to that, the emergence of some symptoms requires immediate and emergency medical assistance, and among these symptoms we mention the following: 
- Continuously high temperature.
- High or low blood pressure without this being a side effect of a particular medicine.
- Feeling unexplained shoulder pain in addition to abdominal pain.
- Persistent nausea and vomiting.
- Feeling sudden severe pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis.   :
- Feeling dizzy or weak, especially when standing up.  
- Sweating and blushing of the skin. 
- Breathe quickly.  
- "Ovarian cyst" , www.healthinfo.org.nz , November 2016, Retrieved 06-07-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian cysts" , www.nchmd.org , 7/25/2019 , Retrieved 07-07-2020. Edited.
- Alex 's Novakovic (27-06-2017), "Everything You Need To Know About Ovarian Cysts" , www.medicalnewstoday.com The , Retrieved 07-07-2020. Edited.
- "Functional Ovarian Cysts" , myhealth.alberta.ca , Retrieved 7-22-2020. Edited.
- Michael G Muto, MD (13-02-2019), "Patient education: Ovarian cysts (Beyond the Basics)" , www.uptodate.com , Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian Cyst" , amilydoctor.org , 25-07-2018, Retrieved 09-07-2020.
- Charlie C. Kilpatrick, MD, "Noncancerous Ovarian Growths" , www.msdmanuals.com , Retrieved 07-09-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian cysts" , medlineplus.gov , Retrieved 07-08-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian cysts" , www.bupa.co.uk , Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "Benign Ovarian Cysts" , www.hopkinsmedicine.org , Retrieved 07-09-2020. Edited.
- Wayne Blocker, MD (5/6/2020), "Ovarian Cysts" , www.emedicinehealth.com , Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian cyst" , www.nhs.uk , Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian Cysts" , Www.womenshealth.gov , 01-04-2014, Retrieved 09-07-2020.
- "Ovarian cysts" , www.healthnavigator.org.nz , 15-04-2020, Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- “Ovarian Cysts | Symptoms & Causes , ” http://www.childrenshospital.org , Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian cysts" , www.womenshealth.gov , April 01, 2019, Retrieved 09-07-2020.
- Wayne Blocker, MD (5/6/2020), "Ovarian Cysts" , Www.emedicinehealth.com , Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "Ovarian Cysts" , Www.mayoclinic.org , 25-07-2019, Retrieved 09-07-2020. Edited.
- "What Is an Ovarian Cyst?" , www.webmd.com , Retrieved 09-07-2020.